東海道 戸塚(上洛東海道)
Name Fifty-three Stations of the Toukaidou Highway Totsuka
Times Edo Period
Use O-ban polychrome print
Artist: Utagawa Kunisada II
Production date: 1863 (Bunkyu 3)

At Totsuka station, it looks like a man, probably expressed as the Shogun Tokugawa Iemochi is about to leave the inn that he stayed overnight. During Edo period, it was prohibited to illustrate Tokugawa Shougun. Therefore there is no notation to indicate that he is Iemochi, but for Edo period audiences, it was quite obvious that this figure represents the young Shogun, who is 16 years old at the time of procession.

This series was published with the event of the Fourteenth Shogun Tokugawa Iemochi’s procession from Tokyo to Kyoto (Shogun’s official visit to Emperor) that took place in 1863 (Bunkyu 3) and it is known as “Gojouraku Toukaidou (Samurai’s procession along the Toukaidou Highway)”. Iemochi’s visit was an unusual event since last time Tokugawa Shogun visited Emperor was 229 years ago when the Third Shogun Tokugawa Iemitsu visited Emperor. Therefore this event got a huge attention from the people of Edo. This series was very popular that 162 works were produced within this series. Since 16 artists from Utagawa School were involved for the production, it is considered that the publisher wanted to produce many works within a short period of time.